Internationale Tagung

Mural made by the youth group (MCC) of the Moviment Comunista de Catalunya, Barcelona, 1987 (with permission of Foundation Salvador Segui Madrid, Collection "Antimilitarism - Transition", Box 4).

Peace Movements and Democratic Culture in Southern Europe during the 1970s and 1980s
Internationale Tagung in Zusammenarbeit mit der Universität Sheffield, mit Unterstützung der Deutschen Stiftung Friedensforschung und der Max Batley Legacy an der Universität Sheffield.

The mobilisation against the deployment of US Pershing and Cruise Missile atomic warheads in the wake of the NATO Dual Track Solution in 1979 was a watershed moment in the recent political history of Western Europe. The anti-nuclear protests of the 1980s activated civil society, renegotiated the parameters of political participation and redefined the understanding of international and domestic security. The contours and implications of the 1980s anti-nuclear protests are well researched for key western European countries. Developments in southern Europe, however, have not yet been substantially studied. The aim of this conference is to analyse anti-nuclear and anti-militarist peace protests in southern European countries during the late 1970s and 1980s. The focus will be on Greece, Spain and Italy, three countries that were involved in the 1980s mobilisation cycle in different ways. Italy had been selected for the deployment of Pershing missiles and was thus a key battleground of conflicts over the Dual Track Decision. But the country had also seen a wave of left and right-wing terrorism during the 1970s and a concomitant crisis of parliamentary democracy. Spain and Greece had just returned to parliamentary democracy from military dictatorship in 1975 and 1974, respectively. They were not directly involved in the conflict over the Dual Track Decision, but experienced intensive protests against the presence of US military bases or against NATO membership more generally. Thus, all three countries were involved in conflicts over security that entailed a complex renegotiation of democratic practices in the widest sense.

Organisation: Benjamin Ziemann (University of Sheffield), Martin Baumeister (DHI Rom).
Programm (PDF, 887 KB)

14.–16. Februar 2018
Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom

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