MIDDLE AGES

Old Rulers of the Middle Ages: Kings, Doges and Popes. A Contribution to Gerontological Medieval Studies

Dr. Christian Alexander Neumann

Ageing and old age are universal and multifaceted phenomena: they are both gradual biological processes and at the same time culturally constructed concepts, and thus variable objects of interest. One of the project's key questions is how  the "age" factor influences the nature and character of human behaviour. This is especially valid for the holders of political power and also applies to other periods of history. The overarching  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

The Holy Spirit Hospital in Rome as the centre of a hospital system of European importance

Dr. Andreas Rehberg

The still active Hospital S. Spirito in Sassia was founded by Pope Innocent III around 1200. He entrusted the management of the project to Gui de Montpellier, who had already built up his own hospital community in his home country. Based on the documentation, found mainly in Roman State Archives and relatively consistent compared to the general state of sources on city life, this project shall develop some of the themes overlooked by research  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

The Council of Ferrara/Florence and its repercussions on the Greek Church of Southern Italy – a new beginning or an ongoing decline?

Dr. Thomas Hofmann

In the context of the Council of Ferrara/Florence, the Roman Curia and various social circles in Italy were confronted with Greek theology and culture at an increasing rate. This effect was strengthened by some Greek protagonists who remained permanently at the Roman Curia, for example Isidore of Kiev and Bessarion. The latter, also called Cardinalis Graecus, took various measures to reorganize the Greek monasteries, combining these measures  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Der Dienstkalender Benito Mussolinis, 1923–1945

PD Dr. Lutz Klinkhammer, Dr. Amedeo Osti Guerrazzi

Mit dem Forschungsprojekt zu Mussolinis Dienstkalender soll in erster Linie eine elektronische Informationsquelle geschaffen werden, die es ermöglicht, die Arbeitsweise des faschistischen Diktators auf der Grundlage seiner persönlichen "Terminplanung" darzustellen. In einem ersten Schritt geht es darum, Mussolinis tägliche Audienzen aus den Akten seines persönlichen Sekretariats zu erschließen. Wichtigste Quelle ist dabei der von der  ...   


MODERN AGE, CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

The Fortune of the Casa di San Giorgio and the Origins of the Corporations

Dr. Carlo Taviani (project in collaboration with Villa I Tatti, University of Harvard)

Corporations are currently among the strongest and most influential organizations in the world. One important turning point in the development of their capacities took place in the early modern period when they successfully acquired huge amounts of capital in order to better afford the exorbitant costs and risks of travel from Europe to Africa, Asia and America. During this period they also assumed political tasks, progressively ruling lands and  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Der Wandel der weiblichen Sexualität in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und in Italien während der 60er, 70er und 80er Jahre des 20. Jahrhunderts

Dr. Fiammetta Balestracci

Bei dem Projekt geht es um die Veränderungen, denen die weibliche Sexualität während der im Titel genannten Jahrzehnte in den beiden europäischen Ländern im Spiegel der öffentlichen Darstellung, der sozialen Praxis und des Wertesystems unterworfen war. Dabei soll geprüft werden, ob die Vorstellungen und Erfahrungen damals in einem solchen Maße beeinflusst wurden, dass es auf ethischer Ebene zu einem dauerhaften Kontinuitätsbruch kam. Die These  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Die Last von Achsenbündnis und Besatzung. Nationale Erinnerungskulturen und deutsch-italienische Beziehungen 1945 bis heute

PD Dr. Lutz Klinkhammer

Die Schatten des Zweiten Weltkriegs reichen bis in unsere Gegenwart hinein: Die politische und gesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzung um die Kriegsvergangenheit (Kriegsverbrecher­prozesse, Rückerstattungsdiskussionen, Wiedergutmachungsabkommen, Mediendebatten, das Bild der "sauberen Wehrmacht" auf bundesdeutscher Seite, das des "bravo italiano" und des "cattivo tedesco" auf der Apenninenhalbinsel) prägten einen  ...   


MUSIC HISTORY

Role and Influence of Impresarios. Premises of Italian Opera Performances in the 18th Century

Dr. Richard Erkens

On the one hand, the research project focuses on the figure of the impresario and its influence on the historical developments of opera, on the other hand it refers to changing operatic topography in pre-revolutionary Italy, characterized by centre and periphery networks. Although the group of people who assumed the function of impresarios in the 18th century could not be more heterogeneous, the scope of their activity and thus their influence  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Elitenwandel in Italien im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert

PD Dr. Lutz Klinkhammer

Seit dem 19. Jahrhundert sind Staat und Politik in Italien geprägt von starken gesellschaftlichen Beharrungskräften. Der Elitenwandel war in der liberal-nationalen Monarchie ein eng begrenztes Phänomen, was sich schon in der hohen Exklusivität des Wahlrechts widerspiegelt. Die adelig-großbürgerliche Elite geriet im Faschismus unter Druck, ohne jedoch vom Regime vollends entmachtet zu werden. Der Sturz Mussolinis, der 1943 von innen heraus und  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

Collection of sources on the commune of Rome in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Dr. Andreas Rehberg

Since 1998, as a permanent member of the DHI Rome, Andreas Rehberg has been engaged in the collection of urban Roman sources, thus continuing a traditional research area of the institute, which is linked to local and transregional Italian urban history. After a systematic review of relevant archival inventories in the early years of the project, a number of source materials, that had received little attention from the Italian side, were selected  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Ferdinand Gregorovius: Poetry and Science. Collected German and Italian Letters

Dr. Angela Steinsiek (together with Prof. Dr. Martin Baumeister)

Ferdinand Gregorovius lived in Rome for more than 20 years, where he wrote his main work, the Geschichte der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter, which in 1876 made him an honorary citizen of Rome. In addition to his historiographical and literary oeuvre he has left several thousand letters in which he, a contemporary witness, sheds light on Italian and German history of science as well as on politics and culture of the 19th century. On the basis of  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

Fluid borders. Early Medieval Southern Italy in the Interplay between Competing Religious and Political Powers (9th - early 10th centuries)

Dr. Kordula Wolf

The research project deals with the Muslim presence in pre-Norman southern Italy by analysing it in connection with both border-region issues and questions of perception and of dealing with cultural or religious differences. Based on recent approaches of transcultural research, this study challenges common spatial categories and stereotypical group assignments, which until now have influenced relevant scientific literature. The main focus is on  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

Genealogy and Heraldry in the context of Federico Cesi "Linceo" (1585–1630): an example of the reception of the Middle Ages around 1600

Dr. Andreas Rehberg

Inspired by his new research on heraldry in Rome (Collection of sources on the commune of Rome in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance), Andreas Rehberg has  ...   


MODERN AGE, MIDDLE AGES

Genoese Merchant Networks in Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean (ca. 1450–1530)

Dr. Carlo Taviani (project in collaboration with Villa I Tatti, University of Harvard)

From the middle of the 15th century, Genoese families were increasingly active in southern Spain and Portugal, establishing settlements in various port cities and trading southwards with Africa and northwards with Flanders and England. The islands around West Africa became important regions for their trading activities: Madeira and the Canary Islands – inhabited by many Genoese merchant families – were crucial for the production of sugar and the  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

The History of the German Research and Culture Institutes in Rome (20th century)

A cooperative project

The four German foreign institutes based in Rome – the German Archaeological Institute, the German Historical Institute, the Bibliotheca Hertziana and Villa Massimo – have initiated a research project which will examine cross institutional history against the backdrop of major political and societal upheavals in the first half of the twentieth century (1918–1960). Rome will play a vital role in this shared history of the German foreign  ...   


MODERN AGE

Imperial Imitation of the Papacy in the Early Modern Period

Prof. Dr. Alexander Koller

The universal pretense of the papacy concerning the spiritual domain in succession of the apostle Peter has been complemented at times by a more or less pronounced secular-political universalism during its history and combined with elements of imperial self-conception. In forming an image of themselves, the popes referred repeatedly to features of antique and medieval imperial symbolism, especially those popes whose name already suggested an  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

War diary of the German General to the Italian Eighth Army High Command – Italian edition

Dr. Gerhard Kuck (in collaboration with PD Dr. Thomas Schlemmer)

The war diary of the German General to the Italian Eighth Army High Command gains its importance from the fact that the war diary of the Italian Army High Command had gone missing. Although until recently numerous studies in Italy have been dealing with the Italian participation in the "Operation Barbarossa", the German invasion of the Soviet Union, little attention has been paid to the relevant German sources. Only the minor part of  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

The Coasts of the Patrimonium Petri as Hybrid Spaces

Dr. Kordula Wolf

Coasts are spaces that are constantly changing under the influence of very different factors. On the one hand they pose particular challenges for the people who inhabit and govern them, while providing them on the other hand with special resources and opportunities. A historical study of these near-sea regions as hybrid spaces incorporates several levels: a topographical level determined by the dichotomy and blurred boundary between land and  ...   


MODERN AGE

Medicine and the Radical Reformation

Dr. Riccarda Suitner

The project examines the relationship between medicine and the Radical Reformation in the early modern period. In 1531, in Strasbourg, the Spanish doctor Michael Servetus published De trinitatis erroribus, which is considered the first Antitrinitarian text of early modernity. The treatise influenced numerous generations of dissenters from different countries, in particular physicians.
One of the project’s areas of interest is the  ...   


MUSIC HISTORY

Conceptual history of music. Basic concepts of vocal music in terminological discourse

Dr. Sabine Ehrmann-Herfort

The fact that the designation of a subject and the subject itself influence each other in the formation of conceptual content, and that both strands of development are inextricably linked, adds a great deal to the fascination of conceptual history. The subject matter of the conceptual history of a discipline is to crystallise the process of the historical development of its technical terms. To analyse the contexts condensed in the technical  ...   


MIDDLE AGES

Repertorium Germanicum. Verzeichnis der in den päpstlichen Registern und Kameralakten vorkommenden Personen, Kirchen und Orte des Deutschen Reiches, seiner Diözesen und Territorien vom Beginn des Schismas bis zur Reformation

Aktueller Bearbeiter: Dr. Jörg Voigt

Das "Repertorium Germanicum" wertet für den Zeitraum vom großen Schisma bis zur Reformation (1378–1517) die Kanzlei- und Kammerregister der Kurie im Hinblick auf Personen und Institutionen des Deutschen Reiches aus. Es ist als Datenbank und more


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

The Restitution of Looted Cultural Property in Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany and Austria, 1945–1998

Dr. Bianca Gaudenzi

The restitution of looted cultural heritage is one of the most widely debated topics of the year. Countless bottles of ink have been spent over what has emphatically been described as the "biggest art theft in history", and new provenance works now appear on a monthly basis. Yet very few studies have so far endeavoured to historicise such emotionally-charged subject within the bigger framework of postwar European history. This project  ...   


MODERN AGE, CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

Übergangsgesellschaften im Vergleich. Überlegungen zur "Sattelzeit" auf der italienischen Halbinsel und in Europa

PD Dr. Lutz Klinkhammer

Ausgehend von der Analyse der Reaktionsmuster der Bevölkerung im linksrheinischen Deutschland und in Piemont auf die französische Herrschaft von 1798 bis 1814 zielt das Projekt auf eine Bewertung bestimmter Transformationsprozesse in Staat und Gesellschaft vom späten 18. Jahrhundert bis in die Restaurationszeit. Im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit steht die Generierung von neuem gesellschaftlichen Wissen, das sich erweitert um politische  ...   


CONTEMPORARY HISTORY

History and Translation in the German-Italian Linguistic Area during the 19th and 20th Centuries

Dr. Gerhard Kuck

In the beginning of the 20th century the number of translations increased considerably both in the literary and – in the broadest sense – non-fictional field and did not even diminish during the period of Fascism and National Socialism. The project is aimed essentially at studying this period and primarily the field of non-fictional essays, the translation of which until now, in contrast to literary works, has been largely neglected. In the  ...